Smart Mosquito
Trap Power

Our project was to design a long lasting power system for a smart mosquito trap

last updated:May 7th


Project Information

Mosquitos are the number one killer world wide, as they carry/transmit several diseases (viruses and other microorganisms). West Nile, found in Arizona, is a high concern in other more remote countries and areas of the world. Dr. Hepp and her research team want to catch mosquitoes, to grind them up, and to look for virus as a means of surveillance. To do this, her and her team distribute traps over a large geographic areas such as the southern US and Mexico border. These traps must be able to last for a full night and have mosquito bait to attract them. The current and standard approach is to load a trap with dry ice (not available everywhere) as a CO 2 emitter, powered by D-cell batteries that run a fan that then catches and retains the mosquito. While this method works, it has several limitations that impact the science. One of these limitations that stands in the way is power access, the CO 2 source, and having to visit the trap daily. Dr. Hepp would like a trap that can run at least 12 hours, that is also able to retain the mosquito should the research team not be able to return to get the mosquitos the next day. Better yet, these could be deployed for a week, utilizing ethanol or other stabilizing reagents to keep the mosquitos in good shape for the week. There are several electromechanical aspects that could change the paradigm of mosquito collection. Maricopa County has the best sampling resources of anywhere in the world (surveillance). This results of this project will allow the research team to do high resolution, season long surveillance in remote locations of the world, starting with Maricopa County. This may also allow us to understand where viral hotspots are, so that we can implement proactive interventions, thus decreasing human illnesses or deaths due to mosquito born viruses. There are two primary objectives to this capstone this year, and will be supported by two independent teams. The first team will focus on the power supply and basic radio communication (using off-the-shelf radio equipment). The second team will focus on mosquito detection using lower power electronic. These teams will work together in that team one will supply the power for team two, and will relay a binary state variable representing the detection of the mosquito. Team two will focus on robust methods to detect the presence of a mosquito, or mosquitos, in the trap. They will provide the binary state to team one, who will relay this information via a radio.

Project Depiction

Our project includes :

- A 12v solar panel.

- A 12v, 12 aH lithium-ion battery

- A CMP-12 solar charger

- A 120W dc/ac converter.

- A BG-Sentinel 2 mosquito trap.

Our system receives power from the sun, which transfers to the trap and battery via the solar charge controller. the charge controller is the to ensure over currents and over voltages do not damage parts of the trap.


Completed Tasks

We discussed requirements and specifications with our client
topics we researched were battery technology:

- Solar panel technology.

- Maximum power point tracking.

- Behavior of mosquitoes.

- We chose a technical advisor that had some experience in both solar technology and biology.

Gannt Chart


- Finished researching.

- Finished prototypin.,

- DR2 document and presentation.

- Simulated and tested subsystems.

- Finalized subsystems.

- Generated DR3 Document and Presentation.

- Finished design.

- Final Design presentation.


During research phase:

- No software/hardware used.

During prototyping phase:

- Pspice used for hardware schematic design.

During subsystem phase:


1- Voltmeter.

2- Ammeter.

3- Sodering iron.

4- Basic tools/


- Mentorgraphics for simulation analysis.

- MATLAB for graphing analysis.


purchasing delays: it took a month to get a replacement solar panel we needed to continue with testing. We overcame that by using a similar one we got from a friend team dynamics: obviously, coronavirus made it difficult to collaborate with the team. We overcame this through thorough documentation and frequent zoom meetings Hardware: our CMP-12 charge controller kept getting overheated. We resolved this issue by buying multiple controllers so they could be quickly replaced when broken



- 12V,12aH litium ion battery.

- 12 V solar panel.

- 120W dc/ac Converter.

- CMP-12 solar Charge controller.

- BG-2 Sentinel Mosquito Trap.


- Long lasting Power system of Power trap.

- Solar Charge controller that prevents over currents and over voltages.

- Solar powered.

- Off grid.

- Weatherproof.

- Travelable.


Mainly used for remote powering of mosquito trap but can also be used for plenty of other off grid applications.


AVERAGE day long power output of sunny day in flagstaff, Arizona



Christopher Schafer

Christopher Schafer

Team Lead

Abdulaziz Alharbi

Abdulaziz Alharbi


Abdulrahman Alnajar

Abdulrahman Alnajar

Schedule coordinator



The trap with all parts


Our final design


Gantt Chart


Average Sloar Panel Output